Application Fields of Gallium Nitride
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The wide-gap semiconductor material GaN is widely used due to its excellent electrical, optical and physical properties.
Gallium Nitride is widely used in semiconductor lighting. The high reflectivity, transparency and luminescence of gallium nitride material make it ideal for high-performance, LED lamps. LED lamps offer a higher level of luminous efficiency than fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, as well a longer life span. This makes them suited for use in many fields, including indoor and exterior lighting, displays, automobile lighting and more.
In semiconductor lighting materials such as gallium nitride are used primarily as substrates for the LED chips. LED chips, the main components of LED lighting, are directly responsible for the overall performance. They determine the LED light's luminous efficacy and service life. Gallium Nitride is an excellent substrate material because it has high thermal conductivity. It also has high stability and chemical resistance. It improves the LED chip's luminous stability and efficiency, as well as reducing manufacturing costs.
2.High-temperature electronic devices
Gallium Nitride is also widely used for high-temperature electronics devices. Gallium nitride, which has high electron saturation rates and high breakdown electric fields, can be used for electronic devices that work in high-temperature environments.
Aerospace is a harsh field and it's important to have electronic devices that work reliably in high temperature environments. Gallium nitride as a semiconductor high-temperature material is used to make electronic devices like transistors and field effect transistors for flight control and control of fire systems. Gallium nitride is also used to produce high-temperature devices in the power transmission and distribution field, such as power electronics switches and converters. This improves the efficiency and reliability of equipment.
Gallium nitride solar cells also receive a lot attention. High-efficiency solar panels can be produced due to its high transparence and electron saturation rate.
Silicon is the main material in most traditional solar cells. Silicon solar cells are inexpensive to manufacture, but have a narrow bandgap (about 1eV) which limits their efficiency. Gallium-nitride solar cell have a greater energy gap width (around 2.3eV), so they can absorb more sun and have a higher conversion efficiency. The manufacturing cost of gallium-nitride cells is low. They can offer the same photoelectric converter efficiency for a lower price.
Gallium Nitride is also widely used as a detector. They can be used to manufacture high-efficiency detectors like spectral and chemicals sensors.
Gallium Nitride can also be used as a material to make X-ray detectors that are efficient and can be applied in security checks for airports or important buildings. Gallium nitride is also used for environmental monitoring to produce detectors like gas and photochemical sensor, which detect environmental parameters, such air quality, pollutants, and other environmental parameters.
5. Other applications areas
Gallium nitride can be used for many different applications. Gallium nitride is used, for instance, to make microwave and high frequency devices such as high electronic mobility transistors and microwave monolithic Integrated Circuits (MMICs), that are used in fields like radar, communications, and electronic countermeasures. Moreover,
It can also be used for the manufacture of high-power lasers and deep ultraviolet optoelectronic instruments.